The city was initially built by the Phoenicians and was known as Heliopolis in the Hellenistic period. The god Baal was – like Helios – the god of the sunlight.
The prime of Baalbek started in the year 15 BC. when the city became Roman provincial funding under the emperor Augustus. Baalbek was a crucial spiritual centre during the Roman period. The holy place committed to Jupiter brought in many countless site visitors. Along with a temple for Jupiter, a Bacchus and a Venus holy place were also built.
The Roman buildings were improved older damages. Monolithic maintaining wall surfaces were built with rocks that evaluated an estimated 400 loads. Three stones considering more than 1000 ton have been used in the highest possible western wall surface (Stonehenge’s columns evaluate regarding a fortieth of that.). A 4th, also bigger stone, called Hajar el Gouble (southern rock) or Hajar el Hibla (stone of the expecting female) exists extra in a quarry near the city and is still on scene. According to numerous sources of the also older beginning, these more giant rocks, also called megaliths, maybe twice as old.
The blocks came from a close-by limestone quarry. A team from the German Archaeological Institute, in partnership with Jeanine Abdul Massih, of Lebanese University, recently discovered what they are calling the largest stone block from classical times, weighing one thousand 6 hundred and fifty heaps as well as matching those that support the temple. Its provenance is a lot more shadowy than one could expect of a three-million-pound megalith. No one seems to understand whose orders it was cut, why, or just how it came to be abandoned.
It could be that the system below the Heliopolis was built as the base of another older temple that possibly the Egyptians or the Romans ruined to construct Heliopolis (a name offered by Alexander the Great when he conquered the area). The location was previously utilized likewise by the Egyptians to prayer Ra. That makes you question why they would build an additional holy place in the same area. Multiple human beings would use the exact same exact spot unless that area was necessary for one reason or another.
It is likewise fascinating to discuss that in Heliopolis Baal was also worshipped in addition to other Greek and Roman Gods. Over the damages of the pre-roman site, an enormous temple of Jupiter, the most prominent holy place of its kind, and smaller holy places for Venus and Mercury were developed by the Romans.
The way that those rocks were cut as well as relocated has actually interested researchers for years currently. Due to ancient messages referring to Baalbek as a landing place the conjectures regarding pre-existing sophisticated civilizations that we do not know around, along with alien intervention, have thrived. We need to clarify that the Romans’ not made those stones as numerous debunkers attempt to propose.
The quarry that was utilized was located concerning 1/4 mile far from the area. So not only did they transfer those substantial rocks that distance, yet they also placed them with each other in such a specific manner in which not a sheet of paper can fit in between the stones. That is another factor that the debunkers fall short to respond to – even if the rocks were carried in the means they recommend, how could they put rectangle stone blocks in such a specific method beside each other?
In an additional context, biblical archaeologists have linked Baalbek to Baalgad that is pointed out in the Bible.
Although not all excavators agree with that theory, it is apparent that there are substantial resemblances between a) the Baal-gad, a shelter of Baal and b) Baalbek additionally a holy place for Baal according to the tales (before it was named Heliopolis, and also new holy places were constructed) and again both in the same area in Lebanon.
In the Holy Bible, there is one more name that shows up on Baal, Baalath, a town of Dan’s tribe, which was fortified by King Solomon in 970 BC where once again Baal was venerated with the authorization of Solomon. It is worth stating here that even in Solomon’s holy place, Baal was a deity that was allowed to be venerated in the temple.
It has been noticeable that Baalbek is a strange old city and used for hundreds of years by many different civilizations. The Egyptians, the Egyptians, the Greeks, and the Romans used it, and all of them venerated Baal. The origins are unknown and why the website was so important is likewise unidentified. Indeed, the preliminary website wasn’t created by Romans, and before the Romans, there was no well-known civilization that would have the technology to build such a vast monolith. It makes sense that they obtained the modern technology to do it and somehow, Baal is associated with that. The debunkers have not provided enough solutions and also the opportunity of sophisticated people being responsible for it, as discussed in myths and tales, appears closer to reality.
In 635 the city was conquered by the Arabs. The Umayyads damaged the historic town in 748. A significant earthquake created a lot more damages in 1759.
In 1984 the considerable damages of Baalbek were proclaimed a Globe Heritage Website by UNESCO.